In the frame of the project “Venues of victims // Venues of perpetrators. Mapping, decoding & processing the role of historical – civic education in (European) Youth Work” youth leaders and representatives of international project partners from 12 countries met from 14th - 20th May 2018 in Puszczykowo in Poland.
Besides visiting the memorial of the former concentration camp “Fort VII” in Poznan and the exchange with Simon Lengemann (Federal Agency for Civic Education, BpB), Georg Pirker (Association of German Educational Organizations, AdB) and Karolina Dziełak (European Network Remembrance and Solidarity, ENRS) the focus was on the content related preparation of the international summer camp in Croatia. Therefore six working groups were created, preparing workshops and supporting programmes in several modules for two daily themes each within the two weeks lasting summer camp in August.
Module 1 focuses on the inter-relations between contemporary ideological order and historical representations. While working group 1 scrutinizes, above all, the museum’s representations of the past, working group 2 focuses on the monuments and street names as well as ideologically motivated renaming of streets, removals of the monuments or their reinstatements in the aftermath of the political turns. The workshops and accompanying programs shall draw attention to the central thesis that history is always a selective and subjective representation of the past, whose representations should therefore always be critically scrutinized.
Module 2 is dedicated to the totalitarian and authoritarian forms of rule in Europe in the 20th century. Working group 3 focuses on ideologically motivated violence in the context of World War II. The theme is taken up by visits to the memorial sites Jasenovac (former concentration camp) and Lipa (a village destroyed in the brutal act of revenge by the axis troops) and placed in the broader European and global context of the World War II. Meanwhile, working group 4 focuses on post-war dictatorships. The topic of ideologically motivated arbitrariness and violence after 1945 is taken up by visiting the former re-education camp on the notorious Adriatic island of Goli (Goli otok). In contrast, a positive (self-)image of the Yugoslav post-war dictatorship is also presented to the participants by visiting the museum on Brijuni islands (former summer residence of Tito).
Beyond the demonstration of the complexity of a development dictatorship, the juxtaposition of the two representations of Yugoslav state socialism provides a good starting point for further discussions at the interface between historical-political education and human rights education. Module 3 focuses on contemporary history and contemporary challenges in Croatia and beyond. Group 5 is dedicated to the collapse of the socialist order in Eastern Europe and violence in the context of post-socialist transformation, as well as the current review of the experience of violence in Croatia and other post-Yugoslav countries. The significance of the war heritage for the creation of a peaceful post-war order in Vukovar, meanwhile, is questioned in front of group 6, which focuses on the contemporary dynamics and perspectives of the shrinking small town. In addition, group 6 will design the joint activities with representatives of the local youth organization in Vukovar and moderate the discussion with participants of the partner organization in the frame of the project “In Between?” of the European Network Remembrance and Solidarity (ENRS) in Rijeka.
The event was led by Dr. Boris Stamenić (Documenta) and Markus Rebitschek (EJBW), also responsible for the overall project. The project “Venues of victims // Venues of perpetrators. Mapping, decoding & processing the role of historical – civic education in (European) Youth Work” is implemented in cooperation with following organisations: EJBW (Germany), Documenta – Center for Dealing with the Past (Croatia), In Flanders Fields Museum (Belgium), Ústav pro studium totalitních režim (Czech Republic), Sihtasutus Eesti Mälu Instituut (Estonia), Maison d’Izieu, mémorial des enfants juifs exterminés (France), Lietuvos gyventoju genocido ir rezistencijos tyrimo centras (Lithuania), Narviksenteret (Norway), Stowarzyszenie »Jeden ˇSwiat« (Poland), UMAR (Portugal), Socialna Akademia (Slovenia) and Gernika Gogoratuz Centro de Investigación por la paz (Spain).
The project is co-funded by the Erasmus+ Programme of the European Union, Commissary for Culture and Media of FR Germany and Federal Agency for Civic Education (BPB).